Skip to main content

Numbers in Python

Python Numbers:

Number objects are created when you assign a value to them.
For example:
var1 = 1 #integer number
var2 = 10.5 #float number
Python supports four different numerical types:
 int (signed integers)
 long (long integers [can also be represented in octal and hexadecimal])
 float (floating point real values)
 complex (complex numbers)


Here are some examples of numbers:


Popular posts from this blog

Strings in Python

Strings are compound data type made of sequence of characters. Hence from the string, the individual charters can also be directly accessed. Strings are created by using single quotes or double quotes or triple quotes.
Example: >>>s1="Python Programming" >>>s2='Python Programs' >>>s3="""Python is a powerful Programming language"""
This will create a string object s1, s2 and s3 using different forms.
Individual characters can be accessed using different subscripts( +ve or –ve) with the string object.
Example >>>s="Python" >>>s[0] ‘P’ >>>s[2] ‘t’ >>>s[5] ‘n’ >>>s[-1] ‘n’ >>>s[-3] ‘h’ >>>s[-6] ‘P’
We can also slice a string. Segment of a string is called a slice.
>>>s[1:3] ‘yt’
If the first index is not mentioned, the slicing will start from 0. >>>s[:3] ‘Pyt’
>>>s[2:6] ‘thon’
If the last index is not mentioned, the slicing will go till the end o…

User Defined Functions in Python

So far we have only seen the functions which come with Python either in some file (module) or in interpreter itself (built in), but it is also possible for programmer to write their own function(s) and are called User Defined Functions. These functions can then be combined to form a module which can then be used in other programs by importing them.
In the context of programming, a function is a named sequence of statements that performs a desired operation. This operation is specified in a function definition.
To define a function keyword def is used. After the keyword comes an identifier i.e.name of the function, followed by parenthesized list of parameters and the colon which ends up the line. Next follows the block of statement(s) that are the part of function. A block is one or more lines of code, grouped together so that they are treated as one big sequence of statements while executing. In Python, statements in a block are written with indentation. Usually, a block begins when a li…

Files in Python , Exception handling

While a program is running, its data is in main memory. When the program ends, or the computer shuts down, data in memory disappears. To store data permanently, you have to put it in a file. Files are usually stored on a secondary storage device(hard disk, pen drive, DVD,CD etc). When there are a large number of files, they are often organized into directories (also called “folders”). Each file is identified by a unique name, or a combination of a file name and a directory name. By reading and writing files, programs can exchange information with each other and generate printable formats like PDF. Working with files is a lot like working with books. To use a book, you have to open it. When you’re done, you have to close it. While the book is open, you can either write in it or read from it. In either case, you know where you are in the book. Most of the time, you read the whole book in its natural order, but you can also skip around. All of this applies to files as well. To open a fil…